Mars Exploration

Existing & Future Science Missions



Existing Mars Missions

Active robotic unmanned missions to Mars.

Mission What When Where Who
Mars Odyssey orbiter 2001 orbit NASA
Mars Express orbiter 2003 orbit ESA
Opportunity rover 2004 Meridian Planum NASA
MRO orbiter 2005 orbit NASA
Curiosity rover 2012 Gale Crater NASA
Mars Orbiter Mission orbiter 2013 orbit ISRO
MAVEN orbiter 2013 orbit NASA
ExoMars TGO orbiter 2016 orbit ESA
InSight rover 2018 Elysium Planitia NASA


Future Mars Missions

Future robotic and manned missions to Mars.

Mission What When Where Who
Hope Mars Mission orbiter 2020 orbit MBRSC
Mars 2020 rover, helicopter 2020 Jerezo Crater, NE Syrtis NASA
ExoMars 2020 lander, rover 2020 Oxia Planum, Mawrth Vallis ESA
2020 Chinese Mars orbiter, lander, rover 2020 Utopia Planitia, Isidis Planitia CNSA
Mars Terahertz Microsatellite orbiter, lander 2020 orbit NICT
Mars Orbiter Mission 2 orbiter 2020 orbit ISRO
BFS Mars 1,2 unmanned landings 2022/2023 Arcadia Planitia SpaceX
MMX orbiter, lander 2024 Phobos moon JAXA
BFS Mars 3 human landing 2025 Arcadia Planitia SpaceX
Orion Mars human landing 2030 NASA

Map of Mars Landing Sites

Mars tugs at the human imagination like no other planet. With a force mightier than gravity, it attracts the eye to the shimmering red presence in the clear night sky.

John Noble Wilford