Mars Exploration

Existing & Future Science Missions



Existing and Enroute Mars Missions

Active and enroute robotic unmanned missions to Mars.

Mission What When Where Who
Mars Odyssey orbiter 2001 orbit NASA
Mars Express orbiter 2003 orbit ESA
MRO orbiter 2005 orbit NASA
Curiosity rover 2012 Gale Crater NASA
Mars Orbiter Mission orbiter 2013 orbit ISRO
MAVEN orbiter 2013 orbit NASA
ExoMars TGO orbiter 2016 orbit ESA
InSight rover 2018 Elysium Planitia NASA
Hope Mars Mission orbiter 2020 launch orbit MBRSC
Mars 2020 rover, helicopter 2020 launch Jerezo Crater NASA
ExoMars 2020 rover 2020 launch Oxia Planum, Mawrth Vallis ESA
Tianwen-1 orbiter, lander, rover 2020 Utopia Planitia, Isidis Planitia CNSA


Future Mars Missions

Future robotic and manned missions to Mars.

Mission What When Where Who
Mars Terahertz Microsatellite orbiter, lander 2022 orbit NICT
MMX orbiter, lander 2024 Phobos moon JAXA
Mars Orbiter Mission 2 orbiter 2024 orbit ISRO
Cargo Starships robotic landings 2026 Arcadia Planitia SpaceX
Crew and Cargo Starships robotic landings 2028 Arcadia Planitia SpaceX
Crew and Cargo Starships human and robotic landings 2030 Arcadia Planitia SpaceX

Map of Mars Landing Sites

Mars tugs at the human imagination like no other planet. With a force mightier than gravity, it attracts the eye to the shimmering red presence in the clear night sky.

John Noble Wilford

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